The idea that Babel is reversed goes something like this. Because humanity, in its pride, sought to raise themselves to God’s level, God confused them with multiple languages and they were scattered. But in Pentecost, everyone hears the Gospel and therefore the curse of Babel is reversed.
From Forced Unity to Dividing Diversity
But truth is much deeper than this. Babel, and the tower it attempted to build, was a forced unity that led an oppressive domination. People don’t usually build towers like that back in the day: they are forced to build it. And what is a principle way of dominating oppressed people? Destroy their native language. The politics of Babel is in direct opposition to God’s bless that humanity should multiply and fill the earth (multiply in culture; not just in number).
What often is understood as the curse of Babel is also a blessing in the God is returning diversity to the world. But in our fallen state this diversity leads to divisions, and racism, genocide, and enslavement have been the norm ever since.
Pentecost overcomes the forced unity of Babel, but also overcomes the dividing diversity after Bable. In Pentecost each “hears in their own language”, not some universal language. Diversity is not reversed, only the divisions caused by our fallen fear and panicked prejudice.
Pentecost overcomes Babel, by doing more than reversing it.
(While most would use some depiction of the Tower of Babel for this post, I instead used the cover from Thomas Hobbes’ “Leviathan”. Think about it…it leads to my next post).
Also, these thoughts are related to the “Prodigal Diversity” signpost in Prodigal Christianity.